The ethical merits of fetal tissue transplantation have been debated back and forth since 1982, and with temporary government bans only being revoked later on as administrations changed, it may seem that the issue has been a tough nut to crack. But donation of aborted fetal tissue is not at all analogous to voluntary organ donation a person, or his/her next of kin, must freely consent, unencumbered by fear, coercion, or duress, in order to donate organs or other tissue after his/her death. Fetal cell transplants can reduce both parkinson’s symptoms for many years and can reduce the need for dopamine replacement drugs, even though they can take months or years to start working, the paper said.
Most christian ethicists agree that fetal tissue donation is not inherently unethical if the tissue was obtained from a spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) or an ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy in which the fetus implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus) and was willingly donated by the parent. Around 66 000 kidney transplants, 21000 liver transplants and 6000 heart transplants were performed globally in 2005 the access of patients to organ transplantation varies to the national situations, and is determined by the cost of healthcare, the level of technology advance and the availability. The first method that was recorded containing the transplant from aborted fetal material was performed by italian scholars in 1928 “physicians relocated the pancreas of an aborted fetus into a diabetic patient, and the patient did not display any signs of progress” [ste95. The fetal tissue the fda intends to purchase would be injected into mice with compromised immune systems in order to create a “chimeric animal” with an immune system like that of a human being.
Fetal cell transplants take these dopamine-producing cells from aborted neural tissue and, through a small hole in the skull, introduce them into the affected brain regions of parkinson’s patients. Organ, eye, and tissue donation is considered an act of charity and love, and transplants are morally and ethically acceptable to the vatican (pope john paul ii, evangelium vitae, no 86) organ donation saves lives and honors the deceased. Dwa ethical dilemma prewrite choose one of the ethical dilemmas below, or make-up one of your own using a graphic organizer you have created, write a thesis statement, and identify three reasons to support your stance. The subject of whether or not it is ethical to use aborted fetal tissue for medical research is a controversial and sensitive one many people believe that the use of this tissue is unethical for similar reasons to why one may believe abortion to be unethical that a fetus is a human life. Defining a life: the ethical questions of embryonic stem cell research (revised) posted on april 19, 2013 by rebecca one of the most heated political battles in the united states in recent years has been over the morality of embryonic stem cell research.
Of human fetal tissue in transplantation research following deliberate abortions he notes that the national commission for the protection of human subjects of biomedical and behavioral research, on which he served, used casuis. An introduction to the importance of the use of fetal tissue in research and transplants pages 5 words 2,582 view full essay more essays like this: use of fetal tissue, fetal tissue, fetal tissue in transplants, fetal research not sure what i'd do without @kibin - alfredo alvarez, student @ miami university. Fetal stem cells are cells within the fetus that cultivate into various organs (stem cell 13) and adult stem cells are within a specific tissue such as the brain or bone marrow adult stem cells have the potential to replicate themselves and become specialized to other types of tissue (stem cell 13. Must-reads fetal tissue transplant for eye repair a dangerous and unethical practice fetal tissue transplant for eye repair a dangerous and unethical practice news by lifesitenewscom.
Fetal brain tissue transplantation in parkinson's disease patients essay - fetal brain tissue transplantation in parkinson's disease patients parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder characterized initially by muscular rigidity and slowing of voluntary movements (1. • physicians accused of unethical behavior can be issued a warning or censure by the ama chromosome fetal tissue research genetic counseling harvesting of embryos hiv, aids, and arc in-vitro fertilization organ and tissue donation p 271. (1) in general - the secretary may conduct or support research on the transplantation of human fetal tissue for therapeutic purposes (2) source of tissue - human fetal tissue may be used in research carried out under paragraph (1) regardless of whether the tissue is obtained pursuant to a. A review of human fetal tissue policies over the past 40 years reveals an increasing awareness that the use of this tissue raises unique ethical and policy issues initially it was believed that the use of fetal tissue was no different from using any other abandoned surgical waste specimen. Researchers say fetal tissue is a uniquely rich source of the stem cells that give rise to tissues and organs, and that studying how they develop can provide clues about how to grow replacements.
Anti-abortion campaigners see fetal tissue research as unethical, even though fetal tissue obtained from miscarriages, rather than abortions, can assist research into miscarriage and congenital abnormality. The oft-cited vaccines for polio, measles, and mumps were never produced using human fetal tissue but rather used monkey cells, chicken eggs, and non-fetal human cells furthermore, restricting the use of aborted fetal tissue will not bring research and clinical trials to a halt. The abc “20/20” segment detailed alleged abuses by private sector tissue and organ procurement companies that receive and distribute donations of fetal tissue for research. Fetal tissue- the ethics of fetal tissue transplants as we consider the ethical issues pertaining to fetal tissue transplants, three primary positions have emerged the first not only justifies the use of the tissue from induced abortion it also permits the conceiving woman to specify the person who receives the donated tissue.
Research using fetal tissues is not prohibited but is highly regulated oversight oversight of fetal tissue research reminder for intramural investigators of legal requirements regarding acquisition and use of human fetal tissue for research purposes. We review the current state of clinical research with fetal tissue transplantation, the legal history of fetal tissue research, the major arguments against the use of fetal tissue for transplantation, and the new postmoratorium ethical dilemmas.
Some argue that transplanting fetal brain tissue would require the fetus to be still alive, that is, the tissue would not be good for transplant purposes after the fetus has experienced total brain death(cf duncan, 16-22) some say that other means of treating such diseases as parkinson's can and should be developed(cf dailey. Fetal tissue transplantation and the problem of elective abortion d e vawter, k g gervais, w kearney, and a l caplan electively aborted fetuses are the most reliable and plentiful source of fetal. By way of example, human fetal tissue transplantation to cure dia betes should be shown to be not only unethical, but also in violation of the canons of advanced scientific research.